Hallucinations

Hallucinations

Book - 2012
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Hallucinations, for most people, imply madness. But there are many different types of non-psychotic hallucination caused by various illnesses or injuries, by intoxication--even, for many people, by falling sleep. From the elementary geometrical shapes that we see when we rub our eyes to the complex swirls and blind spots and zigzags of a visual migraine, hallucination takes many forms. At a higher level, hallucinations associated with the altered states of consciousness that may come with sensory deprivation or certain brain disorders can lead to religious epiphanies or conversions. Drawing on a wealth of clinical examples from his own patients as well as historical and literary descriptions, Oliver Sacks investigates the fundamental differences and similarities of these many sorts of hallucinations, what they say about the organization and structure of our brains, how they have influenced every culture's folklore and art, and why the potential for hallucination is present in us all.

Publisher: New York : Alfred A. Knopf, c2012.
ISBN: 9780307402172
Characteristics: xiv, 326 p. ;,22 cm.

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delfon
Jan 19, 2014

<http://www.oliversacks.com>.
Another using the same genre, lots of sesquipedalians, lots of real life examples and lots of relevances.
We learn various ways hallucinations can erupt, their kinds, and acceptance by the patients involved. we are also treated to historical anecdotes. However, surprisingly, references are especially suspicious; mainly because, many are from the mid to late 19th century,. In fact, its the last few decades that neuroscience has captured and expanded interest.
Some exaggerations in defining a hallucination, it seems to me. But otherwise an informative, enlightening read for most part.

h
Heyst
May 07, 2013

Andrew Solomon wrote: "Oliver Sacks relates fascinating case histories and he writes fluently, but he treats his subjects with a tinge of the ringmaster’s bravado — an underlying tone of, 'Hey, if you think that’s weird, wait until you get a load of this one!' It is possible to have clinical rigor without such voyeuristic emotional deficits." As a popular science writer, Sacks patronizes the reader by omitting science and analysis. One of the goals seems to be to treat hallucinations as physical rather than psychological events, yet there is no discussion of neurological or biological causes. Psychological causes of some hallucinations on this list are almost completely ignored except in obvious comments like "a child may create an imaginary friend because he is lonely." The aim seems to be to distance hallucinations from the stigma of mental illness, not to destigmatize mental illness. The subtext seems to be to reassure himself and the reader that hallucinations don’t mean we/he is mentally ill. This book is organized as a list of types, without making any connection between the categories. Granted, this is a popular work. Some anecdotes would be fine, but there is almost no discussion of mechanisms – this isn’t popular science, there is no science. For a doctor, he seems remarkably uninterested in cause and effect and cure. Even for popular science writing, the basic terminology is pretty sloppy. All kinds of terms are interchangeably used for "hallucination," like “visions.”

ChristchurchLib Dec 18, 2012

Seeing, hearing, smelling, or touching things that aren't there isn't normal, right? Maybe not, but it's hardly uncommon. In fact, according to neurologist Oliver Sacks, there are many reasons that people might be deceived by their own senses. Some hallucinations are temporary, the result of substance abuse, injury, or sensory deprivation. Others are symptomatic of underlying conditions or disorders such as epilepsy, Parkinson's, or even Charles Bonnet Syndrome (in which memories fill the gaps left by the parts of the brain responsible for vision). In this intriguing collection of case studies, Sacks examines real-life hallucinations, past and present, from Dostoyevsky's epileptic visions to the author's own experiments with drugs -- which resulted in a conversation with a spider about mathematician Betrand Russell.

Nature and Science newsletter December 2012
http://www.nextreads.com/Display2.aspx?SID=5acc8fc1-4e91-4ebe-906d-f8fc5e82a8e0&N=581853

emily8 Dec 18, 2012

terrific piece of work - very readable, well footnoted with wonderful quotes and stories of things seen... a great mix of anecdotes and science - you won't be disappointed...

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